Premature Retirement of Railway Servants Periodic review
1. With a view to improving efficiency and strengthening administrative machinery at all levels. Government has the absolute power under Rule 1802(a), 1803(a), 1804(a) of IREC Vol-II 1987 and Rule 66(b) of RSPR 1993 to retire a Railway employee in public interest, before his normal date of retirement, on attaining a specified age or on completing a specific length of service on the grounds of (i) inefficiency/ ineffectiveness, or (ii) doubtful integrity, or (iii) for conduct unbecoming of a Railway Servant. Criteria and procedure have been laid down to ensure that power is exercised fairly and impartially and not arbitrarily.
2. Instructions in this regard have been circulated from time to time, both by Department of Personnel and Training (DoP&`l’) and the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board). The following coda] provisions and instructions contain all the relevant instructions on the subject.
- Railway Board’s instructions vide PC-68/RT/5 dated 08.09.1969;
- Railway Board’s instructions vide E(O)I-69 SR 10/13 dated 12.12.1969;
- Consolidated instructions of RB issued vide letter No. E(P&A)I-77/RT-53 dated 15.11.1979;
- RB’s instructions vide E(P&A)I-87/RT-4 dated 17.10.1989;
- DoP&T’s instructions vide OM No. 25013/1/201 3-Estt(A) dated 21.03.2014:
- DoP&T’s instructions vide OM No. 25013/1/2013-Estt.A-IV dated 11.09.2015;
- RB’s instructions vide (P&A)1-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.1 1.2015;
- Provisions under FR 56(j), 56(1) or Rule 48(I)(b) of CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972; Corresponding provisions in IREC, Valli, 1987 – Rule 1802(a)/l803(a)/1804(a).
3. An attempt has been made to bring the main elements of these instructions together in one document. However, this is only to improve clarity and understanding. This summary has to be read with all relevant instructions already issued on the subject.
4. Criteria for review of Services:
a) Age and Service rendered:
1) Group A and B: After attaining 50 years (if entered service before age 35);
2) Group A and [3: After attaining 55 years (if entered service after age 35);
3) Group C: After attaining 55 years of age;
4) Group C: After completion of 30 years of service. if not governed by any pension rules, under Rule 1804(a).
5) Group D: In pensionable cases, can be done after completion of 30 years of pensionable service.
(Reference: Rule 2046 R.II (old), Letter No. PC-68/RT/5-I dated 27.11.1976, E(P&A)-76/RT/38 dated 24.07.1976. Now 1803(a) of R-1I, 2005 Edition)
6) Any employee, irrespective of age, can be retired prematurely by giving him three month’s notice after he has completed 30 years of qualifying service.
(Reference: E.48-CPC/208 dated 08.07.1950 as amended vide F(E)III 69 PN-I/15 dated 27.08.1969 incorporated as para 620 of Manual of Railway Pension Rules, 1950.)
b) Service Records:
The entire service records should be considered in every review. Based on the service records. a comprehensive brief is to be prepared for consideration of the ‘Review Committee’. `Service records’ would take into account the following:
1) ACR/APAR dossiers;
2) Personal lile;
3) Work and performance of the officer to be assessed by looking into the files dealt with by him or in any papers or reports prepared and submitted by him;
4) Un-communicated remarks in ACRs/APARs may be taken into consideration:
5) If the officer was promoted during the last 5 years (on the basis of seniority-cum-fitness and not on the basis of merit), the previous entries in the ACRs may be taken into account.
(Reference: E(P&A)I-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.2015)
c) Ground of Ineffectiveness vis-a-vis Doubtful Integrity:
1) No employee should ordinarily be retired on grounds of ineffectiveness if his/ her service during the preceding 5 years or where he/she has been promoted to a higher post during that 5 year period, his/her service in the highest post, has been found satisfactory.
2) There is no such stipulation if the employee is to be retired on grounds of doubtful integrity.
3) No employee should be ordinarily retired on ground of ineffectiveness, if in any event, he/she would be retiring on superannuation within a period of one year from the date of consideration of his/her case. However, if there is a ‘sudden and steep fall in competence, efficiency or effectiveness of an officer’, it would be open to review his case for premature retirement. This condition is not relevant in cases of doubtful integrity.
(Reference: E(P&A)1-20 I5/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.2015)
1) Actions or decision taken by the employee which do not appear to be above board, complaints received against him or suspicious property transactions, for which there may not be sufficient evidence to initiate departmental proceedings, may be taken into account for prematurely retiring an employee.
(Reference: Observations of Supreme Court in S. Ramachandra Raju Vs. State of Orissa and K. Kandaswamy vs Uol, cited in E(P&A)1-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.20 [5)
2) CVO in the case of gazetted officers, or his representative in the case of non-gazetted officers, will be associated in case of record reflecting adversely on the integrity of any employee. (Ref: E(P&A)I-2015/RT-38 dated 10/12.11.2015)
e) Conduct unbecoming of a Government Servant as basis for Compulsory Retirement:
If conduct of a government employee becomes unbecoming to the public interest or obstructs the efficiency in public services, the government has an absolute right to compulsorily retire such an employee in public interest.
(Reference: Observation of Supreme Court in State of UP and others vs. Vijay Kumar Jain, appeal case. cited in E(P&A)1-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.2015)
5. Procedure and Guidelines:
a) Cases of Railway Servants to be reviewed 6 months before attaining the age of 50/55 years or on completion of 30 years of service/ 30 years of qualifying service, whichever occurs earlier.
b) No show-cause notice need be issued to any government servant before a notice of retirement is issued to him under these rules.
c) Internal Committees may be constituted to assist the Review Committees in reviewing the cases. The Committees would ensure that service records of the employee being reviewed, along with summary bringing out all relevant information, is submitted to the Cadre Authorities at least 3 months in advance before the due date of review.
d) Composition oldie Review Committee will be as under:
(i) For ACC Appointees and non-ACC Appointees (i.e., all Group A Gazetted officers including those of RBSS, RBSSS and Miscellaneous! ex-cadres):
The Committee will be headed by CRB and would comprise of the functional Board Member of the department (to which the officer whose service is being reviewed) and Member Staff. In case, the officer belongs to Personnel Department or RBSS/RBSSS or IRMS. Member (Traction) would be the other Member.
PED/Vigilance (as CVO of the Ministry) is to be associated in the said review.
Internal Committee to assist the Review Committee will be headed by Secretary. Railway Board and would comprise JS(Confidential) and JS(Establishment). ED/Vigilance (or Director/Vigilance in case of no ED is available) shall be associated.
(ii) For Group B officers in Railway Board (RBSS/RBSSS/Miscellaneous/ex-cadres):
a) AM(Staft) as Head of Review Committee;
b) JS(G) and JS(E) as members of Review Committee;
DV(Intelligence) is to be associated in the said review.
Internal Committee to assist the Review Committee would he headed by EDE(GC) and would comprise Director (GA) and DS(E). JD/Vigilance (Confidential) shall be associated.
(iii) For non-Gazetted officials of Railway Board including those of RBSS, RBSSS and Miscellaneous/ ex-cadres:
a) JS as Head of Review Committee;
b) FDE(N) and JS(D) as members of Review Committee;
DV(Intelligence) is to be associated in the said review.
Internal Committee to assist the Review Committee to comprise Dir (A) and Director (GA). JD/Vigilance (Confidential) shall be associated.
(iv) For Group B officers/ officials in Railways:
The Committee krill be headed by the General Manager of the Railway and would comprise PCPO and PHOD (of the department to which the officer belongs). In case of an officer from Personnel department, another PHOD in addition to the PCPO would be nominated by the General Manager.
SDGM of the Railway is to be associated in the said review.
Internal Committee to assist the Review Committee to be headed by AGM of the Railway. Composition of the Committee may be decided by the General Manager of the Railway.
(v) For Group C officials of Railways: The following are the instructions issued by Board. However, the General Managers. may make any modification which they deem fit in administrative interest. Composition of the Internal Committees may also be decided by the respective General Managers of the Railways. In respect of RDSO and NAIR, the respective DGs can constitute the Committees.
(i) At Head Quarter Level:
(a) For non-Personnel official:
PHOD or GM where he is appointing authority as Chairman. PCPO.
(b) For Personnel branch official:
PCPO to he Chairman. GM to nominate an SAG Officer to be member.
If GM is Chairman, he may nominate a PHOD as a member.
Additional PIIOD may act as Chairman if he is higher in rank than that of appointing authority.
SDGM/Dy GM who is in charge of the Vigilance Department shall be associated as a Third Member of the Committee.
(ii) At Division Level:
(a) Other than Personnel Department:
1. One JAG officer of the employee’s department;
2. One JAG officer of another department;
3. Sr DPO/DPO
Where DRM is the appointing’authority, Committee will consist of ADRM as Chairman, Sr DPO/SPO and another JAG officer as members
(b) Personnel Department:
2.Two JAG officers of other Departments
3.In case of ‘doubtful integrity, papers are to be transmitted to Headquarters for SDGM to record his views before final orders are passed by ‘appropriate authority’.
(iii) Workshop Level:
Review to be done at the Workshop level itself where the Workshop is headed by an SAG/SG/JAG officer. If workshop is headed by an officer of the rank of Sr Scale or below. the review of the Workshop staff would be done by the Headquarters.
Board have also decided that the Divisional, HQ or Workshop Review/ Representation Committee of the appropriate level should not be drawn from the same division/ workshop/HQs but from the adjacent division, railway establishment, zone. workshop, production unit etc. as the case may be except for the departmental representative who will be of the appropriate JAG/Senior scale of the Division/Workshop/HQ etc. itself. In cases of doubtthl integrity, since all records are available only with the SDGM/CVO of the Reviewing Organisation. he will continue to be associated with it.
(iv) Group A & B : Railway Board
For all Railway Servants in Group A and B service/post and for Group C staff in Board’s office, Railway Recruitment Boards, NAIR and Centralised Training Institutes. review will be done in Board’s office. Following procedure is to be followed:
(i) List of Group A and B officers who come under review to be prepared sufficiently in advance, ensuring that there are no omissions.
(ii) The confidential reports/ files of officers whose confidential reports are not maintained in Board’s office and whose cases are to be reviewed should be brought up to date in all respects and sent to Secretary Railway Board along with the above list through a responsible member of the staff. Half yearly time table has been prescribed for the same. (This has been revised to quarterly vide DoP&T’s circular dated 21.03.2014 mentioned at para 2 above.)
(Ref: E(O)1-69 SR 10/13 dated 12.12.1969)
f) Complete bio-data particulars of the employee who is to be reviewed should be circulated to the members of the Review/ Representation Committees as per the prescribed proforma (Annexure-I to this letter). Proforma is to be carefully and meticulously tilled and should be free from all errors. Findings of Review/ Representation Committees/SDGMs in `doubtful integrity’ eases should be entered in the proforma itself.
g) Rule relating to premature retirement should not be used:
(i) To retire on ground of specific misconduct as a short-cut to initiating formal disciplinary proceedings. (CAT/PB/New Delhi in O.A No. 1827/2017, in the matter of Sangeeta Rao vs. UOI vide order dated 18.09.2018, dismissed the plea of the government servant who was compulsorily retired under 56(J) for habitual late coming); or
(ii) For reduction of surplus staff on ground of effecting general economy without following rules of retrenchment.
h) Any adverse entries made in the confidential record shall be taken note of and be given due weightage in passing such order.
i) Even un-communicated entries in the confidential record can also be taken into consideration.
j) If the officer was given a promotion despite adverse entries made in the confidential record, that is a fact in favour of the officer. (Ref: (Reference: E(P&A)I-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.2015)
k) Once a decision has been taken by appropriate authority to retain an employee beyond the age of 50 years after review. he would ordinarily continue in service till he attains the age of retirement. If however, the appropriate authority considers at any time after review that retention would not be in public interest, that authority may take necessary action to retire as per the laid down procedure.
l) If the ‘appropriate authority’ decides to differ with the recommendation of the Review Committee, he may remit the papers to the next higher authority for a final decision.
m) A notice longer than 3 months can be given. but the date from which he is required to retire as specified in the notice should not he before he attains the age of 50/55 years or before he completes 30 years of service.
n) While computing the notice period of `not less than 3 months’, the date of service of notice and the date of expiry shall be excluded. The date of premature retirement should be on the forenoon of the day (which should be treated as a non-working day) following the day of expiry of the notice.
o) If the Railway employee refuses to accept the notice or order of retirement, it should be ensured that the ‘refusal’ is witnessed by two gazetted officers. In such a case, the notice/order should be sent under registered post with AD. In such a case, the date of effect of notice of retirement/ order of retirement would be the forenoon of’ the date following the date of refusal.
6. Procedure for Consideration of Representation (Reference: E(P&A)I-77/RT-53 dated 15.11.1979 and E(P&A)1-2015/RT/38 dated 10/12.11.2015):
a) A Railway employee. who has been served with a notice/order of premature retirement, may submit a representation within 3 weeks from the date of service or such notice/order.
b) On receipt of the representation, the administration would examine the same to see if it contains any new facts or any aspect not hitherto taken into consideration. Examination to be completed within 2 weeks from the date of receipt. Thereafter, it should be placed before the appropriate Committee for consideration.
c) Composition of the Representation Committee (Reference: E(P&A)1-87/RT/4 dated 17.10.1989):
Same as the Review Committee with the modification that it should include at least one member of the appropriate status who was not in the said Committee earlier.
d) Final order on representation against premature retirement: To be passed by the authority superior to the authority which issued order of premature retirement only after obtaining approval of the Ministry of Railways. Where, however, the order of premature retirement shall be issued by President, final orders on the representations shall be passed by the Minister-in-charge of the Ministry/ Department concerned.
(Railway Board’s decision: A decision on the recommendation of the Representation Committee. considering the appeal of the compulsorily retired employee may be taken by the Additional General Manger. Papers to be put up to GM only in cases where the AGM differs from the findings of the Committee. If AGM/GM confirms the decision of the Representations Committee to retire the employee was correctly taken, papers in original should be submitted to Board within the prescribed time schedule.) (Reference: E(P&A)l-87/RT/4 dated 17.10.1989)
e) The Representations Committee shall make its recommendation within two weeks from the date of receipt of reference from the administrative authorities concerned.
f) Authority which is empowered to make final orders on the representation should pass its orders within two weeks from the date of receipt of the recommendation of the Committee provided that approval of the Ministry of Railways would be necessary before passing final orders in cases where the appropriate authority proposes to reject the representation/ appeal against the premature retirement.
g) If decided to reinstate, the intervening period would be treated as duty or as leave or as dies-non depending on the merits of each case. (If Review Representation Committee finds that premature retirement was on account of political or personal victimization, it would he ‘duty’ with full pay and allowances. In other cases. it would be leave or dies-non. as the authority may decide).
h) In case the employee gets a stay order from court, representation is not to be considered by the administration. nor sent up to the Committee until disposal of the court case. Thereafter, the cases may be examined taking into account any material of substantive nature that may feature in court’s judgement.
i) As and when fresh representations are received against such rejection and also against premature retirement relating to period of emergency, these should be examined by appropriate `Representation’ Committees which shall take special care to see that over rigorous standards were not applied or done out of over-zealousness or out of political or personal victimization at the time of the original review.
7. Time Schedule for Review (Reference: DoP&T’s OM 25013/l/2013-Estt(A) dated 21.03.2014:
(i) Suitable register(s) of employees under their control to be maintained by Railway Administrations who are due to attain the age of 50155 years or would complete 30 years of service. Subordinate offices to be instructed to take similar action too.
(ii) Register should be scrutinized at the beginning of every quarter by a Senior Officer in the Administration and in Subordinate offices.
|Sl.No||Quarter in which review to be made||Cases of employees who would be attaining the Age of 50/55 years or completing requisite service in the quarter|
|1||January to March||July to September of the same year|
|2||April to June||October to December of the same year|
|3||July to September||January to March of the subsequent year|
|4||October to December||April to June of the subsequent year|